China was one of the earliest centers of human civilization,with its first cities founded more than 40000 years ago. On the islands of Japan,people were making decorated pottery an amazing 12,000 years ago. Pottery found there is among the oldest in the world.
WHAT MADE CHINA SO RICH?
The invention of Chinese farmers and engineering made the land productive. In the middle ages, the Chinese made spectacular strides in agriculture. They dug network of irrigation channels to bring water to the rice fields. They built machines such as a foot-powered pump to lift water to the fields. The emperor and government officials also ruled China very effectively,allowing it to grow wealthy.
HOW DID CHINA GET ITS NAME?
From the Qin (pronoced’chin’) dynasty, the first dynasty to rule over a united China. Founded by Qin Shi Huangdi, China’s first emperor, it lasted from 221 to 206 BC. It was responsible for the standardization of Chinese script, weight and measures, and the construction of Great Wall.
WHERE WAS THE MIDDLE KINGDOM?
The Chinese believed their country was at the centre of the world. So they called it the middle kingdom. Indeed for centuries, China was one of the most advanced civilization on earth. Under the tang and song dynasties (AD 618-1279) Chinese cites like Chang’an (modern Xi’an) were the world’s biggest.
The temple was built in the 14th century in Kyoto, Japan
WHO VALUED HONOUR MORE THAN LIFE?
Japanese warriors called samurai, who were powerful from around the 12th century. They were taught to fight according to a strict code of honour. They believed it was better to commit suicide rather than face defeat
WHICH RULES CLAIMED DESCENT FROM THE SUN GODDESS?
The emperor of Japan. The first Japanese emperor lived about 660 BC. His descendants ruled until AD 1192. After that, shoguns(army generals) ran the government,leving the emperors wirh only religious and ceremonial powers.
Built from 1406, the place ,'forbidden' to outsiders, was home to China emperor
|Silkworm have kept in china for at least 5000 years.|
WHAT WAS CHINA’S BEST KEPT SECRET?
How to make silk for centuries no one else knew how. Chinese women fed silk-moth grubs on mulberry leaves, and the grubs spun thread and wrapped themselves in it to make cocoons. Worker steamed the cocoons to kill the grubs, unwound the thread,dyed,it,and wove it into cloth.